Past tense is to tell the events or incidents at the past time.
Past tense is used :
:: When the speaker thinks of an activity or state as occurred and complete at a specific time in the past .
:: For a non-fact in the present or future time.This is traditionally called the” subjunctive mood “.
Example : f I had the money now,I’d buy a car .
=) To refer a single event on the past .
Example : I called Mary last night .
=) The past habitual action .
Example : We went to school together,and we shared many experinces .
The Simple Past Tense :
Simple Past Tense is kind of tense which is used to describe an event or action that happened already in a certain time in the past.
Adverbs used: yesterday,last night ,last week,two days ago,a few minutes ago,last weekend ,last month ,last years,in 1984,etc
=) Simple past for regular verbs is added by- ed to the root of a word .
Example : She worked at the office yesterday .
=) A negation is produced by adding did not and the verb in its infinitive form .
Example : She did not work at the office yesterday .
Question sentence are started with did as in Did she work at the office yesterday ?
There are two pattern of Simple Past Tense :
( + ) Subject + verb II + complement
( - ) Subject + did not + verb I + complement
( ? ) Did + subject + verb I ?
( + ) Subject + to be ( was/were ) + Object
( – ) Subject + to be ( was/were ) + Not + Object
( ? ) To be ( was/ were ) + Subject + Object ?
Past Continuonus Tense
Past Continuonus Tense is a kind of tense that is used to describe an event or an action which was happening in a certain in the past.
As with the present tense,the continuous aspect that the activity is in progress ,or that it is uncompleted ,at the specified time.
The Pattern :
( + ) Subject + to be ( was/were ) + verb – ing + complement
( - ) Subject + was not / were not + verb- ing + complement
( ? ) Was/were + subject + verb-ing + complement ?
Past Perfect Tense
Past Perfect Tense is a kind of tense that is used to describe an action or an event that started in a certain time in the past and completed or finished till certain or an event that had happened before the other event or action happened.
The Pattern :
( + ) Subject + had + verb III + complement
( – ) Subject + had not + verb III + complement
( ? ) Had + subject + verb III + complement ?
Past Perfect Continuous Tense
Past Perfect Continuous Tense is like the past perfect tense ,but it expresses longer actions in the past.
The Pattern :
( + ) Subject + Had + been + verb –ing + complement
( - ) Subject + Had + not + been + verb-ing + complement
( ? ) Had + subject + been + verb –ing + complement ?